R. Bras. Zootec.01/Apr/2001;30(2):310-7.

Water Management for Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. ) Establishment

Joaquim Bartolomeu Rassini, Edson José de Arruda Leme

DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982001000200003

The water management for growth of Crioula alfalfa cultivar was evaluated in a field study, in order to assess the effects in the plant establishment up to the first cut, at 1977. The study was carried out in 1997. So that, the behaviour at three growth stages (E1 = early vegetative stage, E2 = full vegetative stage, and E3 = reproductive stage until harvest) in the presence of four water levels (A = 100%, B = 80%, C = 45-50%, and D = 20-25% from a sprinkler irrigation) was studied. Eight combinations were evaluated: 111, 110, 100, 101, 001, 011, 010, 000, where the first digit is E1, the second is E2 and the third is E3. The number 0 in the figures represents the period in which growth stage did not receive water, cover by a mobile structure, which slide on trail, and also protected against occasional rainfall. The number 1 represents the time in which the irrigation water levels were applied. The growth stages of the plants as for dry matter yield, differently respond to the water conditions. The E2 and E3 were the most sensible to water supply and E1 the least sensible; in which the water was detrimental to the plant establishment and yield.

Water Management for Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. ) Establishment