R. Bras. Zootec.. 01/Feb/2017;46(02):130-7.

Influence of dietary artemisinin supplementation on productive performance and haematological parameters of broiler chickens

Loredana Maria Pop, Laura Cristina Ştefănuţ, Alexandru Flaviu Tăbăran, Anamaria Ioana Paştiu, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Cristian Alexandru Magdaş, Viorica Mircean, Adriana Györke

DOI: 10.1590/S1806-92902017000200008

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we aimed to assess the toxicity of artemisinin on the
haematological system and its effect on the productive performance of broiler
chickens. Eighteen-day-old chickens were randomly divided into four groups of 30
chickens (three replicates of 10 broilers/group): control group and three
experimental groups: ART5 – diet with 5 ppm of artemisinin; ART50 – diet with 50
ppm of artemisinin; and ART500 – diet with 500 ppm of artemisinin. Artemisinin
enhanced the productive performances of broiler chickens at the lowest
concentration (5 ppm), but at the highest concentration (500 ppm), it negatively
affected weight gain and the feed conversion ratio. The performance
characteristics of the chickens whose diets were supplemented with 50 ppm
artemisinin were similar to those of the control group. Additionally, 5 ppm
artemisinin in feed did not significantly affect the haematological parameters
of the chickens, but 50 and 500 ppm artemisinin induced a gradual decline of the
total leukocytes, lymphopenia, monocytosis, and eosinopenia, and the highest
concentration caused anaemia. Artemisinin at a low concentration could be used
as a feed additive in the poultry industry to improve organic broiler production
performance with no serious side effects.

Influence of dietary artemisinin supplementation on productive performance and haematological parameters of broiler chickens

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