R. Bras. Zootec.. 01/Apr/2017;46(4):296-302.

Genetic variability of the components of seed yield in interspecific hybrids of Paspalum

Rodrigo Ramos Lopes, Cleber Henrique Lopes de Souza, Emerson André Pereira, Bruno Frosi Gasparetto, Miguel Dall'Agnol, Lucia Brandão Franke

DOI: 10.1590/S1806-92902017000400004

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the variability and expression of the components of seed yield in twenty-three apomictic Paspalum plicatulum × Paspalum lepton hybrids and two male parent plants (P. lepton). We used a randomized block design with genotypes individually arranged into ten blocks. The variables were: number of total tillers/plant, number of vegetative tillers/plant, number of reproductive tillers/plant, percentage of reproductive tillers, number of racemes/inflorescence, number of seeds/inflorescence, weight of a thousand seeds, and seed yield. We assessed genetic variability using multivariate procedures: generalized Mahalanobis distance, Tocher’s clustering optimization method, and quantification of the relative contribution of the variables. The quantification of variability, based on the components of seed yield of Paspalum plicatulum × Paspalum lepton hybrids, allows the formation of six groups of genotypes using Tocher’s method, with high means for the characteristics studied. Weight of a thousand seeds and number of seeds/inflorescence were the traits that most contributed to the genetic dissimilarity. Genetic crosses involving genotype 10E5052 from group VI and 10E4071 from group V could be undertaken to isolate high yielding segregants, since these genotypes have high seed yielding potential.

Genetic variability of the components of seed yield in interspecific hybrids of Paspalum

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